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More than 5000 jobs could be created by storing carbon dioxide deep below the sea at three Scottish coastal sites, the Scottish Government's economic development body said.
Scottish Enterprise has proposed the construction of three Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) demonstration projects at Longannet, Peterhead and Hunterston.
The proposed facilities, outlined in a study unveiled at the low carbon energy conference All Energy, will test and demonstrate the technical and commercial aspects of CCS technology to then allow the deployment of CCS in existing and new fossil fuel power plants, to dramatically reduce Scotland's carbon emissions.
Key findings of the study include up to 4600 direct and indirect jobs during construction phase to 2020, with a further 454 operational jobs supported during the operational lifetime of the demonstration facilities.
The study also found up to £2.75bn of Gross Value Added (GVA) for the Scottish economy during construction with an additional £535m per annum over their operational lifetime.
First Minister Alex Salmond said: "Our capacity to store carbon emissions offshore is the largest in the European Union and greater than that of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark combined.
"Only last week, no fewer than three Scottish CCS demonstration proposals were submitted to the EU New Entrants Reserve, demonstrating the high level of ambition in Scotland.
"As well as the generation and carbon storage capacity that we have been endowed with by nature, we have an excellent base in science and engineering to ensure we exploit the immense potential of CCS.
"It is essential that the UK's Electricity Market Reform provide a firm basis for CCS investment into the future."
Scottish Enterprise believe the early adoption of CCS technology could help to safeguard the future employment for many of the 150,000 currently working in Scotland's offshore industry.
It has been estimated in separate research that CCS could support up to 13,000 new jobs by 2025, including exporting Scottish-based skills and technology across the world.
The three Scottish-based demonstration projects are still all in the running to secure EU funding from the New Entrants' Reserve programme, which has been developed to support low carbon demonstration projects across Europe.
Adrian Gillespie, senior director of energy and low carbon technologies at Scottish Enterprise, said: "We want to see a number of CCS demonstration projects developed in Scotland and are working with our partners in industry, in the UK Government and in Europe to help make that happen.
"Scotland stands well placed to offer demonstration opportunities in coal, gas, new build and retrofitting to existing stations."