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It can often be difficult for women to decide which contraceptive is best for them as there as is such a wide range of different methods. It's easy to find advice on the subject however and women can speak confidentially to their GP, sexual health clinics and women's health clinics to help them choose a contraceptive.
Many women often try out different contraceptives to find which suits them best personally. Dr Debbie outlines the main contraceptives available to women now.
The Oral Contraceptive Pill - this is the most popular method of contraception amongst women, although it must be taken every day to be effective.
The Mini-Pill - contains only one hormone, Progestogen, and is normally given to women who have high blood pressure or blood clot related health concerns.
Hormone Injection - these are normally administered in to muscle (usually the buttock) and last between eight to twelve weeks, making them an ideal option for women who struggle to take pills every day.
Implants - lasting up to three year, these are also a good option for those who don't want to take a daily pill. They are placed under the skin via a small wound, usually in the upper-arm.
Hormone Patches - these are applied directly onto the skin and last for around a week.
The Coil - this is an intrauterine device that requires a small procedure to place the device in the womb. Some women can find this uncomfortable, although this contraceptive method is effective and hassle-free. The coil works by stopping sperm from surviving and eggs implanting within the womb. Changes to periods after having the coil implanted are common. The coil is a good long-term option, lasting up to ten years, but can be removed earlier if required.
Diaphragms and Caps - these short term options can also be effective.
Dr Debbie stressed the point "it is important to remember that none of these contraceptives will offer protection from sexually transmitted diseases, which are on the rise in the UK." Barrier contraceptives such as condoms must be used to protect against STD's.
Long-term contraceptives are between 98 and 100 percent effective, however pills, injections and implants must be taken on time to ensure they work properly. Taking contraceptive pills more than twelve hours late or while you have a tummy bug can compromise their effectivity.
More contraception information and advice is always available for free at your local health centre.
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